The Enclosure Acts revolutionized farming practices, making agriculture the servant of the growing towns and cities created by the Industrial Revolution. As more and more rural dwellers were forced off their land by the new legislation, many of them moved to the rapidly developing urban conurbations in search of work.
In turn, this meant that agricultural production was increasingly geared towards meeting the demands of an urban market. As a result, agricultural production had to become more efficient, more cost effective. Those agricultural laborers who remained in the hamlets and villages of the English countryside found themselves having to work longer and harder as they were no longer just providing food for themselves and their families, or even just for the local village or market town, but for the burgeoning towns and cities of industrial Britain.
The Enclosure Acts forced people in Britain, who were used to having wide swaths of countryside upon which to raise livestock in a...
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