What was the impact of American foreign policy regarding expansion in Latin America and Asia during the late 19th century to the early 20th century?
I know there is a large amount but I need things that i can support. The Spanish- American war, increased imperialism, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Panama Canal, Phillipines, can all go with this.
This is for a paragraph or two of a practice essay I am doing just to get the feel of it. Thank you!
(First part of the question was analyzing the reasons for the American imperialistic foreign policy but I am fine writing about that and this is the other part of the question that I need help on.)
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So you're asking what impact US expansion had? I assume that you're asking about its impact on the US, not on places like the Philippines.
In the short term, the major impact was to provoke a national debate about imperialism. There were those, like Mark Twain, who thought that imperialism was a betrayal of American values. There were also those who disliked imperialism for racist reasons. They thought that it would be bad to bring non-whites into the country as would happen if we took places like the Philippines as territories. Obviously, they lost out to those who wanted empire for economic, military, and nationalistic reasons.
In the long term, this expansion (at least in the Pacific) helped get us into WWII. The Japanese attacked Hawaii and the Philippines (and Guam) all of which we took in the late 1800s. Had we not had these posessions, there would have been no reason for Japan to worry about and attack us.
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