What was the Mesopotamian view of the afterlife?

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ladyvols1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are many examples of the Mesopotamians and Greeks view of the afterlife. Around 2000 B.C.E., ancient Mesopotamians faced hardships in their daily lives, and the afterlife they envisioned mirrored these hardships. In "The Epic of Gilgamesh," we see a good example of these views.  Their philosophy is also laid out in graphic details in Homer’s “The Odyssey.”  The Mesopotamians and the Greeks held a view of the afterlife that was unenviable. Although Enkidu's vision was much more dark and anguished, Homer did not see the afterlife as a place to be desired either. To the contrary, the Romans' view of life after death can be seen as Heavenly and serene, a place that all desired to be as soon as was possible, rather than be trapped in the earthly prison that is the physical body.

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