The New England colonies were notable for their lengthy coastlines and rocky terrain. Today, this geography can be viewed in the states of Rhode Island, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Connecticut. Along the coastline, the land was much more level. The further North, however, the rockier and more inclined the coastline became. To get a keen sense on the coastline of northern New England, you should research the state of Maine. Maine's coastline is longer than even California's.
Traveling inland, the geography of New England became more difficult. These states contain very rocky soils caused by glaciers during the Ice Age. The climate is notable for comfortable summers but brutal winters. Even today, millions of people travel to the variety of resorts along the New England coast, such as Nantucket Island, in the summer. The geography and climate obviously becomes tougher as you get closer to bordering Canada. Farming was very difficult in these colonies because of the soil and winters, which lead to the focus on manufacturing as opposed to farming.