The New England Colonies Questions and Answers

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What was the geography of the New England colonies?

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The New England colonies were notable for their lengthy coastlines and rocky terrain. Today, this geography can be viewed in the states of Rhode Island, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Connecticut. Along the coastline, the land was much more level. The further North, however, the rockier and more inclined the coastline became. To get a keen sense on the coastline of northern New England, you should research the state of Maine. Maine's coastline is longer than even California's.

Traveling inland, the geography of New England became more difficult. These states contain very rocky soils caused by glaciers during the Ice Age. The climate is notable for comfortable summers but brutal winters. Even today, millions of people travel to the variety of resorts along the New England coast, such as Nantucket Island, in the summer. The geography and climate obviously becomes tougher as you get closer to bordering Canada. Farming was very difficult in these colonies because of the soil and winters, which lead to the focus on manufacturing as opposed to farming.

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From north to south, the 13 original colonies were New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. There are three geographic regions in the original 13 colonies: The New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.

The original New England Colonies were the New Hampshire Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Connecticut Colony and the Rhode Island Colony. The geography in New England is diverse with rocky soil, dense forests, and rivers. The Atlantic Ocean borders the east side of the New England Colonies with flat land near the coastline and hills and mountains further west.

Just south of the New England Colonies are the Middle Colonies that include the Pennsylvania Colony, the New Jersey Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the Maryland Colony. Pennsylvania is the only colony of the original 13 colonies that is not bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. The geography of the Middle Colonies is flat along the coast with good harbors and rich soil that is suitable for farming. The major rivers that run through the Middle Colonies are the Hudson River, the Susquehanna River, and the Delaware River.

The Southern Colonies included the Colony of Virginia, Province of North Carolina, Province of South Carolina, and Province of Georgia. The geography is comprised of the Atlantic Coastal Plain comprised of the Inner Coastal Plain and the Tidewater. Two other regions in the Southern Colonies are the Piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains that are part of the Appalachian Mountains. The Tidewater is crisscrossed by river systems that originate in the higher elevations to the west, the Piedmont and the Blue Ridge Mountains.