The crisis of October 1970 marked a crucial turning point in the movement for independence for Quebec. The FLQ's decision to kidnap Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte and British Trade Commissioner James Richard Cross, and especially their murder of Laporte, caused widespread consternation and opposition to independence for Quebec by violent means. Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau enforced the War Measures Act, which gave him authority to arrest suspected radicals in Quebec. While this decision was controversial, it was also effective, and many radicals, perhaps fearing arrest, swiftly condemned the kidnappings. The movement for Quebec independence would continue through political means, but not through terrorism.