Elie's importance in the novel Night is that he is telling his story about what happened to him during his time in the concentration camps. He is the main person/character in a real story, and he represents all of the Jews in real concentration camps. All of the horror, all of the deprivation and cruelty, and the devastating separation from loved ones that happened to him, happened to more that six million Jews. Elie asks the important questions about why this is happening or how does one reconcile genocide with a merciful God? Can one ever forgive those who are doing all the killing? Elie's importance cannot be understated as his book Night is one of the most powerful and influential books about Nazis and their killing of the Jews.