Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement

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What was the difference between the Civil Rights Movement and the urban Black Panthers Civil Rights Revolution?

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In American history, the Civil Rights Movement was a long series of events in the freeing of Black Slaves and the equalization of rights and privileges among race and religion in the country. Identified mainly with the plight of Black slaves, the Civil Rights Movement spread to cover almost all of the prejudicial attitudes towards minorities and women, although the latter had its own defined movement in Suffrage and Feminism.

As defined by the work of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Civil Rights in America became a massive part of the 1960s and 1970s . Despite the concessions given by government, public...

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The key to understanding the difference between the Civil Rights Movement and the rise of the Black Panther Party is first understanding that the Civil Rights Movement that the genesis of the Black Panther Party is a reaction to the failings of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
The modern Civil Rights Movement that the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led with his unique brand of non-violent civil disobedience was aimed at securing “freedom, justice, and equality” for all Americans. In time, it became apparent to both black and white participants of the Civil Rights Movement that unspecified broad goals such as “freedom, justice, and equality” provided ample room for future conflict among protestors as seemingly everyone had a differing opinion of what the above goals meant. Dr. King, the head of the movement, failed to inform his white brethren that two stages needed to be completed for the Civil Rights Movement to be successful. According to Dr. King’s book Where Do We Go From Here?: Chaos or Community, for the Civil Rights Movement to be a success African-Americans must first become “equal on the law books of America” and then have all obstacles preventing “the exercise of that equality” removed.
Unfortunately for African-Americans, Dr. King realized that America has never attempted to execute the latter of these laudable goals. In one of his most poignant moments, Dr. King issued the following remarks. “Be not unduly persuaded when one sees a white family falling out at a park because a black child is swinging on a swing next to their precious white child. Integrating a park is easy, it costs the nation nothing. However, the integration of schools, jobs, neighborhoods, and universities will be where the difficulty begins.” The growing frustration of young black activists with the slow pace of change and the increasing resistance of whites facilitated their abandonment of integration and non-violent civil disobedience. A Malcolm X style militancy replaced these traditional strategies and tactics.
It would be this political perspective that incubated and then birthed a Black Power politic in the wake of President Lyndon Baines Johnson signing the 1965 Voting Rights Act. The Black Panther Party for Self Defense, created on October 15, 1966 at the North Oakland Poverty Center by Huey Percy Newton and Bobby Seale provided a new organizational vision that honored the legacy of the recently assassinated Malcolm X.
The rise of Black Power politics laid bare the cavernous gulf between blacks regarding the path forward. Southern-based blacks believed that the most pressing problems facing them were securing equality on the law books of America and the vote. Black urbanites possessed a much different understanding of this matter as they already possessed the theoretical equality and vote that their southern brethren desperately pursued. Those blacks residing in the nation's urban centers sought solutions to issues such as jobs, money, and urban poverty. Whites were startled to hear the tone, tenor, and verse that insurgent Black Power Era activists addressed their problems. One thing was certain, this next stage of black activism would be angry, uncompromising, and unwilling to consider white citizens’ pleas for a modicum of patience. Young black activists in groups such as the Black Panther Party not only shocked the nation in regards to the pace that they wanted change, but also the fact that their immediate and long-term goals were aimed at seizing power from whites and then wielding that same power against whites.

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