What was the difference between the Chinese Communist Party and the  Kuomintang?

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thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Ideological differences between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) led to the Chinese Civil War. Growing rivalry between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and suspicion of the Soviet Union involvement in the growing conflict led to a rift between the once friendly factions.

The Kuomintang suspected the Soviet Union of trying to destroy the faction from within by leaning more towards the Communist Party. The suspicions also led to rifts within the Kuomintang, which was the larger group at the time. The Kuomintang split into left and right wings with the left wing seemingly allied to the Communist Party.

The left-wing KMT and the Communist Party moved the KMT government to a more communist-leaning region. However, the leader of KMT wanted a cessation of communist activities, a resolution accepted by other top leaders. A purge of communists within the party was conducted. Soon after the purge, KMT gained control of strategic parts of China and declared its authority over China. An uprising was organized and launched by the Communist Party, starting the Civil War.

  • The Kuomintang was a nationalist party, while the CPC was a communist party.
  • The Communist Party was supported by the Soviet Union, while the nationalist Kuomintang was supported by the United States.
  • The CPC recognized Wuhan as the capital, while the KMT recognized Nanjing.
mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party were political parties in China. The Kuomintang formed in 1912. It is another name for the Nationalist Party of China. It was founded by Sun Yat-sen. This party replaced the Qing Dynasty. There were three guiding principles of the Kuomintang. They were known as The Three Principles of the People, which were nationalism, democracy, and economy. This party ruled China for many years. For a period of time, the Chinese Communists were part of the Kuomintang.

Eventually, there was a split between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party. Chiang Kai-shek, who replaced Sun Yat-sen, believed the Chinese Communist Party wanted to overthrow him. Chiang Kai-shek attacked the Chinese Communist Party. This led to a civil war between the Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang. The Kuomintang had a republic and were noncommunist while the Chinese Communist Party believed in communist ideas and in having a great deal of government control.

While both sides worked together before and during during World War II to defeat the Japanese who had invaded China, both sides began to fight each other again after World War II ended. The Chinese Communist Party won the civil war and took power in 1949. There is a great deal of government control in China today.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The major difference between these two groups was that the Communist Party was, of course, communist while the Kuomintang wanted a republican form of government.  The two groups did work together for a while.  They were both interested in defeating the warlords and bringing China under a unified national government once more.  The Communists also had orders from the Comintern (international communist organization headed by the Soviet Union) to cooperate with the KMT.

However, they eventually came to disagree over political ideology.  The KMT believed that communism would prevent the consolidation of a united China.  This led to the civil war in China that can be said to have begun in 1928.

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