What was the Crimean War and when and where did it take place?

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Crimean War was a war that took place between 1853 and 1856.  The bulk of the important fighting in the war took place in the Crimea.  This is a peninsula that protrudes into the Black Sea from the north.  At the time of the Crimean War, it was a part of Russia.  It is now a part of Ukraine though there is some concern at this moment that it might try to break away from that country.  The Crimean War pitted Russia against an alliance that was mainly made up of France and Britain.  The Ottoman Empire was also in the war on the side of this alliance.

The Crimean War was mainly about the balance of power between the important countries of Europe.  At this time, France and Britain were two of the more powerful countries on the continent, but Russia was also quite powerful.  The Ottoman Empire, which had possessions in Eastern Europe, had been getting weaker and weaker.  The Russians wanted to take advantage of the Ottomans’ weakness and take control of some of their possessions.  They particularly wanted control of the Dardanelles.  The French and the British did not want the Russians to gain more power in Europe.  They went to war to prevent the Russians from doing this.  They won the war and were able to keep the Russians from expanding their influence.

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