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What was the biggest medical breakthrough in the past 125 years?

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As knowledge about the actual biological workings of the human body developed, so too did better and more effective medical treatments. Although vaccines became more effective and more numerous in the 19th and 20th centuries, the first vaccine was developed in 1796, and so is outside of the 125 year range. Perhaps the most important medical breakthrough in that range was the development of antibiotics. While the concept of antibiotics was theorized...

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