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Jackson's sheer will is illustrated in his battle with Nicholas Biddle of the Bank of the United States during which he famously told Martin Van Buren:
The Bank, Mr. Van Buren, is trying to destroy me; but I will destroy it.
He did indeed destroy it by vetoing the bill for its recharter and later by withdrawing all federal funds from the bank and depositing them in state banks, which came to be known as "pet banks."
His sheer will is also illustrated by his dealing with the Cherokee Indian issue. The Cherokee had done all possible to assimilate into American culture. They had begun wearing western clothing; and even operated plantations with slave labor. They received support from the Supreme Court in the decision of Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia; and again in Worcester vs. Georgia. In both instances, Chief Justice John Marshall ruled against Jackson's plan to expatriate the Indians. He is quoted as having said, "Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it." Whether or not he made the comment, Jackson did not enforce the Court's decision, and personally ordered the forced migration of the Cherokee to Oklahoma.
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