What was the Agricultural Revolution and how did it contribute to the distribution to goods? 

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mrkirschner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Agricultural Revolution occurred after the conclusion of the last ice age, roughly 10,000 years ago. It was marked by the planting of seeds for later harvest and the taming of animals for human utilization. The earliest Neolithic villages were established around rivers throughout the world, including the Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, and Huang He Rivers. The introduction of farming had dramatic effects and was one of the most important developments in the history of mankind. Farming allowed populations to grow and cities to develop. It led to social classes and powerful kings. Without the Agricultural Revolution, it is unlikely that civilization would be possible.

The Neolithic Revolution also changed how goods were distributed. Before farming, humans were required to hunt their food or gather seeds, nuts, fruits, or vegetables that were in nature. This was very difficult work that required a large percentage of the population to be successful. For this reason, humans traveled in small groups or tribes from place to place as food supplies dwindled. Whatever was gathered was shared with the tribe. With farming, more food is produced than what is needed. This extra food called a surplus. Over time, powerful people controlled the surplus created by farmers. They could use this surplus to trade with other villages, kingdoms, or empires. Farming allowed for people to develop other crafts and goods outside of food production as well. These goods could be traded with surpluses of food. A social structure developed that would determine what types of goods each group would be responsible for producing.

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