Slavery in the Nineteenth Century

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What was the major impact of the abolitionist movement?

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The most major impact of the abolitionist movement was that it made slavery into an emotional and political issue.  The issue of whether or not to have slaves was present at the nation's founding.  In the Constitution, the Founders agreed to stop importing slaves in 1808. Slavery soon became  profitable for Southerners, and there was the issue of what to do with the newly emancipated slaves.  William Lloyd Garrison and his newspaper, The Liberator,  published emotional appeals to end the practice.  Garrison's open destruction of a copy of the Constitution made the issue even more emotional, as Garrison could not see how a nation dedicated to equality could enslave a group of people.  The abolition movement was the main thing that split the Whig Party; James Birney was the first candidate to run as a third-party candidate dedicated to ending slavery.  While he did not win the 1840 election, he allowed people to vote their conscience.  The Republican Party began as the Free Soil...

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