What warning does Prince Escalus give the street brawlers in act 1, scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet?

Prince Escalus warns the street brawlers in act 1, scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet that they must put down their swords and listen to him, or he will have them tortured. He goes on to issue a warning that anyone who causes another disturbance will be put to death.

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The Prince of Verona first warns the street brawlers to throw their weapons to the ground "on pain of torture." He then says:

If ever you disturb our streets again,Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.

By this time, he is speaking to the heads of the...

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The Prince of Verona first warns the street brawlers to throw their weapons to the ground "on pain of torture." He then says:

If ever you disturb our streets again,
Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.

By this time, he is speaking to the heads of the two great houses, Capulet and Montague, whom he then orders to go with him to speak privately.

The prince's warning is an idle threat. No one really believes that he would execute Capulet or Montague, and to do so would be unfair in any case, since neither of the old men started the fight. The feud is being largely kept alive by younger men, such as Tybalt, and by the servants of the two families.

The prince is later to reflect that, while he never has either Capulet or Montague killed, both of them lose lives from their houses, as he does himself. In fact, the final death toll includes two Capulets (Juliet and Tybalt), two Montagues (Romeo and Lady Montague, who dies offstage) and two of the prince's relations (Mercutio and Paris). With the exception of Lady Montague, it is the younger generation who end up paying the price for the feud, though only Tybalt's death seems just in this context. The prince comes to see that he should have been stronger in enforcing the law, though it doubtful whether carrying out his threat in act I, scene i would have had the desired effect.

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As one can imagine, Prince Escalus is absolutely furious at the latest in a long line of street brawls generated by the bitter, long-standing feud between the Montagues and the Capulets. Thanks to the seemingly never-ending animosity that exists between these noble families, breaches of the peace have become an all-too-common occurrence on the streets of Verona, and Prince Escalus has just about had enough.

So when he breaks up the latest street brawl, he's in no mood for compromise. Things have gone too far, and as the man responsible for maintaining law and order in Verona, Escalus has to act, and act fast.

He angrily orders the brawlers—“beasts,” as he calls them—to put down their weapons and listen to him. Otherwise, he'll have them tortured. For good measure, the prince issues an even more serious warning: anyone causing another disturbance will be put to death.

The prince then orders everyone but Montague and Capulet to leave. He tells them that he will deliver a judgment in court that very afternoon, where he will tell them what else he wants them to do. But for now, everyone else needs to leave the scene of this latest unseemly street brawl. If they don't, then the prince will have them put to death.

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In the opening scene of the play, a brawl ensues between servants of the Montague and Capulet households, which disrupts the quiet Verona streets and introduces the audience to the longstanding family feud. During the melee, members of both households join the fight before Prince Escalus and his escorts arrive to put an end to the brawl. Once Prince Escalus arrives on the scene, he severely chastises both households for disturbing the peace three times and proceeds to issue an edict. The prince declares that if any member of the Montague or Capulet family disturbs the peace again they will be executed. This decree seems severe but is an appropriate response to the ongoing violent conflict between both families. Despite issuing the edict, Prince Escalus allows Romeo to live and banishes him from Verona after he kills Tybalt in the streets.

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The Prince addresses the fighting members of the houses of Capulet and Montague, telling them to put their weapons down "On pain of torture." This means that he will have them tortured if they do not drop their swords and listen to him immediately. It is a clear warning: if they do not stop fighting, then they will be tortured.

In addition, the Prince says that the casual words of the lords Capulet and Montague have been responsible for three such fights thus far, fights that have led to peaceful and aged neighbors taking up arms against neighbors. As a result of the two families' pattern of hostility, the Prince warns that one more such violent altercation will result in their execution, presumably. He says that "[their] lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace." In other words, they will pay with their lives for another such incident. Then, he sends everyone else away, taking Capulet with him and ordering Montague to see him later to meet some other demand.

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Short Answer: Prince Escalus warns that anyone who fights in the Capulet/Montague feud again will be put to death.

Shakespeare opens his play with violent action, foreshadowing the violent love to come. This immediate action appeals especially to the groundlings, the people who stand in the central ground area beneath the tiered seats. Often they would call out and engage with the action.

In the first scene, after the servants of both the Montagues and the Capulets exchange insults and Benvolio fails in his attempt to quell the disturbance taking place, Tybalt of the Capulets enters, drawing his sword against Benvolio, exclaiming, 

What, art thou drawn among these heartless hinds?
Turn thee, Benvolio, look upon thy death. (1.1.65-66)

These words and reactions clearly indicate the bellicose nature of Tybalt and presage his future actions. Then, once the patriarchs of the two feuding families enter the fray, the commotion is loud enough to draw the attention of the prince of Verona, Escalus. Interestingly, the Prince uses the same word-play in order to make his point to the feuding families:

Rebellious subjects, enemies to peace,
Prafaner of this neighbour-stained steel,
Will they not hear? What, ho!you men, you beasts....(1.1.80-83)

After ordering the men to throw down their swords, he reminds Lords Capulet and Montague that three-times that they have caused disturbances in Verona with their "civil brawls"; therefore, if they fight again, their actions will bring about their death:

If ever you disturb our streets again,
Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace...(1.1.95-97)

Then, the Prince orders Capulet and Montague to accompany him to discuss further his judgment in this case.

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