Voluntary schools in the United Kingdom are schools run, or at least partially run, by private organizations. These schools still receive some aid from the government. They are often (but not always) run by a church, and they fall into two categories. Voluntary-aided schools receive part of their money from the state, while voluntary-controlled schools get all of their money from the government, though they are still controlled by a local authority or organization (such as a church.) The system of voluntary schools, which are considered an alternative to state-run schools, began with the Education Act, passed by Parliament in 1944.