The House on Mango Street, by Sandra Cisneros, is structured using a series of vignettes, which are grouped under chapters that address a common theme. A vignette is to a story as a sketch is to a portrait — it gives the feeling, the sense, and the "slice of life" moment without a clear beginning, middle and end.
The book is heavy on imagery, simile, symbolism and metaphor. It often paints a scene without drawing explicit conclusions, leaving it up to the reader to ask why Cisneros chose to tell that tale, to sketch that particular vignette.
Two well known examples of vignettes in the memoir House on Mango Street include:
- When Esperanza and her friend encounter "the shoes"
- When Esperanza describes her new house, on Mango Street
The shoes are a result of a neighbor throwing away pairs of used, high-heeled shoes but deciding to give them to the girls instead. Esperanza and her good friends Lucy, Rachel, and Nenny make a game out of trying on the shoes, noticing how their legs somehow look longer, more like a woman's legs, and prompting the quote, "They are dangerous, he says. You girls too young to be wearing shoes like that. Take them shoes off before I call the cops, but we just run."
This dialogue is typical of a vignette, because it is less structured and doesn't say much about who "the man" is, quickly shifting from his words to their instinctual reactions. It doesn't say where they run, because what matters is they sense the shoes really ARE dangerous.
The shoes symbolize Esperanza making the change from child to woman, revealing her burgeoning sexuality, and the quote shows there is a world out there that wants to make her ashamed of it, and that wants to keep her from growing up. All this takes place in Chapter 17, well into the story and near the beginning of her transitioning from childhood and into adolescence.
The shoes incident is important because growing up and abandoning the innocence of childhood is a strong theme throughout the book.
The description of her childhood home, too, presents a sketch and contrasts the new house with the prior ones, which were never permanent and always uncomfortable. It marks stability in her life, a new phase, and she describes it as, "...a real house that would be ours ... with running water and pipes that worked."
"This was the house Papa talked about when he held the lottery ticket and this was the house Mama dreamed up...." is another excerpt about the house on Mango street.
At the very end of the book, Esperanza titles a chapter "A House of My Own" and delineates all the things that make it different from her childhood home. She is now an adult, with adult things and a knowledge of the house on Mango street as wonderful in memory but not a place she can live now.
Both the description of the shoes and both houses are vignettes.