When Romeo and Juliet meet near the Capulet's balcony in act 2, scene 2, there are numerous different ways in which love is expressed. There is, of course, lust. There is always an undercurrent of lust in Shakespeare’s plays, and sometimes it is more overt than others, as when Romeo asks Juliet, “Wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied?” But scholars have also noted it could simply mean that Romeo wants not a physical expression of love but merely a word from Juliet that his heart his hers as well. Even if there is more of a physical aspect to Romeo leaving unsatisfied, he will have to wait. In that sense, the love in this scene is more Biblical, as taken from the famous Corinthians passage: it is patient.
Much of the scene has Juliet flirting with Romeo, trying to steer him away from both his baser instincts and his more poetic side. She is trying to keep his love grounded while honoring her own feelings as best as she can. At the same time, she wants to be sure he really loves her back.
JULIET: Dost thou love me? I know thou wilt say ‘ay’;
And I will take thy word. Yet if thou swear’st,
Thou mayst prove false. At lovers’ perjuries,
They say Jove laughs; O gentle Romeo,
If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfully.
In addition to showing her vulnerability—it’s clear Juliet does not want to be hurt—she is also saying that she wants to believe him, that she will take his word. The problem for Romeo is that he is, frankly, talking too much and too prettily.
ROMEO: Lady, by yonder blessed moon I swear,
That tips with silver all these fruit-tops—
JULIET: O, swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon…
ROMEO: What shall I swear by?
JULIET: Do not swear at all;
Or if thou wilt, swear by the gracious self
Which is the god of my idolatry
And I’ll believe thee
Juliet is telling Romeo that words are not enough: the words must also be true, not “inconstant,” since words, as she earlier says to him, “mayst prove false.” While there is no reason to doubt his sincerity, Romeo does not yet understand what Juliet wants from him.
ROMEO: If my heart’s dear love—
JULIET: Well, do not swear. Although I love thee,
I have no joy of this contract to-night.
It is too rash, too unadvis’d, too sudden...
Putting the brakes on both Romeo’s penchant for using turgid language and for his desire to rush into something that may or may not be real, Juliet brings her new lover down to earth. In several more instances in the scene, she will again and again hector Romeo to slow down, to let their feelings emerge organically—to wait and see if they are destined for each other. She is urging him, in other words, to be patient.