What are the Victorian symbols presented in "Hard Times"?
The Victoria symbols of the novel can be traced from the attitudes of the people presented in the novel and the two predominant motifs of the novel: industrialisation and utilitarianism. Mr. Gradgrind is the symbol of Victorian utilitarianism, which was founded by Jeremy Bentham. Coketown is a symbol of Victorian industrialisation. Furthermore the attitudes of the people presented throughout the novel present subtle Victorian attitudes. For example Sissy Jupe is a product of the utilitarian belief symbolised by Mr. Gradgrind. Overall the novel is truly Victorian – a real documentary of Victorian society.
For more details about Victorian background please see the following eNotes article.
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