What are the various methods used to diagnose tularemia?Tularemia is a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.

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trophyhunter1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Incubation takes between several hours to three weeks, however, someone with tularemia becomes sick in 2 to 10 days. Look for swollen and painful lymph glands, a skin ulcer at the site where an animal may have bitten the individual, chills, headache, fever, exhaustion if this is ulceroglandular tularemia. If glandular, all of the above symptoms are present except for the ulcers. If it is in the eye, look for redness, discharge, ulcer in the eyelid and pain. In the mouth or throat, it can present with sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting and fever. Affecting the lungs, pneuomonic tularemia has symptoms of chest pain, cough and breathing is difficult for the individual. A bite from a tick, mosquito, horsefly, breathing in infected dirt or plant material, or contact with a dead infected animal are ways to contract tularemia. It may be diagnosed with blood culture to look for the bacteria that causes this, or a blood test to measure the body's immune response to tularemia, a chest x-ray or PCR test from the cells in the ulcer. Antibiotics are the course of action that doctors take to teat and cure this infection.

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