What are the various figures of speech in the poem 'Where the mind is without fear'?i will be highly obliged if i get the figures of speech of every sentence...

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jblederman | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Assistant Educator

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Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; "head held high" is figurative; it means to assume a proud posture. Refers to emancipation and an independent India.Where knowledge is free; could be considered personification if not taken literally; knowledge being free as in without bounds, or people are free to give their knowledge to others.Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls; "broken into fragments" refers to boundaries, borders, and caste; the walls, if not taken literally, are social boundaries and limitationsWhere words come out from the depth of truth; truth has no literal depth, not being a concrete objectWhere tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection; personification againWhere the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit; personification againWhere the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action ... the mind itself cannot be led forward; people canInto that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake. personification again; also, comparison metaphorically of freedom to heaven.
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kc4u | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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The most obvious figure in the poem is EPANAPHORA/ANAPHORA since the word 'where' is eing repeated at the beginning of all the clauses/statements. There are a number of METAPHORS:

1) the big world is compared to many small rooms seperated by 'narrow domestic walls';

2) words coming out from 'the depth of truth' gives us the impression of a fountain/spring on the comparative level;

3) 'the clear stream of reason' is a comparison between reason and a flowing rivulet; and 'dead habit' that chokes the clarity of reason is compared to 'the dreary desert';

4) the phrase 'heaven of freedom' also suggests a metaphorical comparison between two unlike things.

In the line ''Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection', we notice a PERSONIFICATION. 'Tireless striving' which is an abstract idea has been assigned with a human aspect in 'stretches its arms.....'. Finally, in the closing line, there is an APOSTROPHE for the poet addresses God as Father--'..........., my Father, let my country awake'. This is also a case of SYNECDOCHE because here 'country' means the people of the country.

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