What are the various dispositional alternatives available to juvenile court judges today?  Explain th edisposition process in juvenile court.

Expert Answers
M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

According to GS §7B-2506

The court exercising jurisdiction over a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent may use the following alternatives in accordance with the dispositional structure set forth in G.S.7B-2508.

It is the official responsibility of the juvenile court to adjudicate the appropriate disposition once a youth has been declared as delinquent.

When the criminal courts chooses to bestow more severe sanctions to juvenile delinquents tried in adult court, the result are often prison terms and transition to the regular prison.
Juvenile Custodial Institutions - Although these state training schools continue to operate, they have been criticized for not offering programs that may lead youths to rehabilitate.

Community-release program or community program placement- these are residential facilities where youths are released to work and participate in rehabilitative programs. In the last 10 years these have been the most successful have been the Michigan Department of Social Services and the privately run Glen Mills School in Pennsylvania. They are known as closed-campus settings .

Vision Quest, a wilderness program , consist on an isolated camp to which youths are released to become re-acquainted with themselves, with society, and with the elements. These programs are often inversions from private companies who are willing to use serious delinquents and put them to work in remote and isolated areas upon release, or as alternative placement.

Youths who do not pose a serious risk but that could benefit from a home-like structure should work in a group home. They are structures that allow youths to attend school, go to work, and live in a family-type program.

Boot Camps are another alternative depending on who the delinquent is. It consists on military-type training where discipline and obedience are imposed. Many of these programs are offered by the Associated Marine Institutes and include working with parents, meals, and case management.  
There are more alternatives in the works to work directly with juveniles, especially those who seem to have more opportunities for rehabilitation.