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Lev Vygotsky's sociohistorical view of culture, developed after Vygotsky survived the Russian Revolution, asserts that psychological development is strictly cultural. His illustration of this is found in his statement that the psychological makeup of 3- and 4-year-old children has nothing in common with the psychological makeup of adults, whose psychological construction has been engineered by their cultural experience. While there may be room for more investigation of Vygotsky's assertions, his theory does underscore the significant psychological differences and cognitive construct differences between diverse cultures. A solid grasp of Vygotsky's theory will offer value to counselors working with culturally diverse clients because the counselor will have a foundation of knowledge and reference points for not only haveing a deeper understanding of the diversity in human nature but also for enlarging the conversation and ultimately reaching understanding, agreement or accord.
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