Edgar Allan Poe was talented in several areas of literature. An American author, he is well-known for his short stories, as well as his poetry. He was also a literary critic.
Poe wrote during the 19th Century, but he was anything but the typical Romantic writer. Where Emerson and Thoreau wrote about the beauty of nature, Herman Melville—and Poe—wrote in the literary genre called "Dark Romanticism." It was in this area that Poe wrote works of horror and mystery.
...Melville's dark vision is highlighted in Edgar Allan Poe's...narratives.
Many people today would assume that Poe created the horror story for he is most popular for the stories that seem to be the forerunners of Alfred Hitchcock and Stephen King.
...[M]ost [critics] agree that the birth of the modern crime-mystery-detective story can be traced...to the 1841 publication of...“Murders in the Rue Morgue”...
This story was written by Poe. Many critics credit Poe with being the father of the detective story and mystery (for there are literary distinctions between the two). He wrote a group of pieces that he called...
...‘‘tales of ratiocination,’’ which helped define the conventions used in Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories..
This influence, then, opened the way for the detective stories (like his own) as well as the "modern mystery." Like today's Poirot, Poe created a master detective, "the perspicacious but eccentric" C. Auguste Dupin. Poe's "hero" made use of...
...deductive reasoning—a specific type of logic that examines all factors in a case objectively— to solve mysteries that have stumped others.
Certainly these elements can be seen in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's mysteries, when Sherlock Holmes was often his client's last resort. His superior intelligence and flawless logic often left Dr. Watson amazed.
Poe's description of the "investigative methods" used at that time also gives the reader insight into...
...the types of rational thought prevalent in the mid-nineteenth century.
(A new-found respect for the "power of reasoning" came into view with the Enlightenment.)
Poe created the archetypal pattern for stories of detection...
These patterns included...
- an inexplicable crime
- an intellectual and almost "omniscient" sleuth
- solution of the mystery with "superior logical reasoning," and,
- the apprehension of an equally brilliant arch-villain
While amazingly talented in a variety of literary genres, the one that Poe is credited with "getting off its feet" is the detective story or mystery, seen in stories like "The Purloined Letter" and "Murder in the Rue Morgue."