What are the types of therapy associated with Albert Bandura's Social Learning theory?
The therapeutic approaches that are put in place under the paradigm of Bandura's social learning theory are Behavioral tapering therapy, also known as Self-Monitoring or Self-Control therapy and Modeling therapy.
The Behavioral Self-Control therapy consists on making the individual completely responsible for his or her own choices by creating self-monitoring charts, journals, or schedules. The idea behind this approach is that the client (patient) will analyze his behaviors and change his environment so that correct choices are continuously made. This type of therapeutic approach works best for people who need to come out of a bad habit such as overeating, alcohol abuse, or drug usage. It is also a widely-used approach in educational settings to intervene with students who have Individualized Educational Plans on behavior.
Modeling therapy is the process of observing one challenging situation becoming resolved through a number of different points of view. Modeling and Self-control approaches often go hand in hand; when the individual does not know what choice to make in a given situation, the therapist will present the same situation and will model alternative ways to approach it. The idea is that, through socially viewing alternatives, the individual will shift perspectives and find alternative behavior choices.
Therefore, Albert Bandura's approach is client-centered and indicative of the fact that, ultimately, the individual and his or her surrounding environment are the sole composers of a life of quality, safety, and good choice-making.