What types of programs made up the New Deal?

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Historians say that the New Deal was made up of three general types of programs.

  • Relief.  These were programs that were meant to halt the deterioration of the economy.  These were things like the Federal Emergency Relief Act, which gave cash to people in need.
  • Recovery.  These were programs that were meant to allow the economy to get back to normal.  Examples of this are such programs as the Tennessee Valley Authority, which built infrastructure to allow the economy to grow.
  • Reform.  These were programs that were meant to prevent another depression from happening at some time in the future.  This included such programs as Social Security, which was meant to prevent poverty among older people.  This would help ensure that older people always had money to spend to help keep the economy going.
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