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Boxer represents the working class, a person of no great intellect but very capable abilities in actually performing skilled labor. He spends the book serving first the revolution, and then the pigs, to the best of his ability, secure in the knowledge that his own hard work -- and by implication, the equal hard work of the other animals -- will result in better conditions for all. However, because Napoleon and the pigs view the other animals as workers for their benefit instead of equals, Boxer's work is never rewarded; when he becomes injured and unable to work, Napoleon sells him to the knackers instead of putting him out to pasture as promised. This betrayal of the working-class is common in societies that adopt a Marxist world-view; regardless of intention, one group of people always end up working for the benefit of other, non-working people, and are belittled for their effort.
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