What type of literary devices are used in The Catcher in the Rye and what makes them effective?

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Salinger utilizes numerous literary devices to characterize Holden and gives him a believable voice throughout the novel. Holden continually uses hyperbole when he speaks, which is typical of most adolescents. Holden's use of superlatives and over-the-top assessments characterize him as a naive, jaded teenager, who is trying to understand the adult world. In the first chapter, Holden immediately says, "My parents would have about two hemorrhages apiece if I told anything pretty personal about them" (Salinger, 1). Holden continues to use hyperbole when he says that his brother recently bought a Jaguar that "can do around two hundred miles an hour." Holden again uses hyperbole to describe the atmosphere of campus regarding the significant football game against Saxon Hall. Holden says, "It was the last game of the year, and you were supposed to commit suicide or something if old Pencey didn't win" (Salinger, 2). Holden's excessive use of hyperbole adds to his voice and characterizes him as a...

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