Though Noggin is the correct term for this gene, it is easier to refer to as NOG. That's because this gene produces a protein named Noggin and it's easy to get the two mixed up.
The NOG gene provides the body with the blueprint needed to manufacture the Noggin protein, which is very useful. The protein helps the body develop muscle, nerves, and bones. It is essential in making sure that these systems develop correctly through its interactions with other proteins.
Individuals who have abnormal NOG genes may develop such conditions as Multiple Sclerosis or the fusion of bones at the joints because they aren't producing Noggin correctly.