What type of document is "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" and who is the author?

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"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" is a sermon that was delivered by Massachusetts preacher Jonathan Edwards in 1741. After a century of colonization in New England, many colonists had begun to move away from a life dictated by religion, which frustrated religious leaders, who were in many cases powerful community leaders. This led to what is often referred to as "the great awakening."

The purpose of the great awakening was to bring people back to church to adhere to its teachings by emphasizing the Old Testament consequences for living a sinful life. As a result, many preachers at the time began speaking about the harsh punishments for violating the rules of the church, which included explicit sermons about the literal existence of hell and the eternal suffering that one would endure if they failed to follow the rules of the church.

"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" was typical of these types of sermons, describing a wrathful, angry god that wouldn't tolerate "wickedness" of any kind. This sermon focused heavily on God's punishment as it was laid out in the Old Testament and was more or less intended to scare people into behaving as the Bible said they should.