The two views of nature are of nature as good, and nature as evil.
Edmund views nature in a good light. Edmund opens in a soliloquy praising nature as a "Goddess" and seeking fortune for "Bastards" (illegitimate children) like himself. He praises nature for convincing him to forge a letter from his brother Edgar, expressing a plot against the Earl of Gloucester.
The Earl of Gloucester presents nature as being full of evils including the "late eclipses in the sun and moon" that have seemingly turned his legitimate son, Edgar, against him.