It is not at all clear that there is anything managers can do that will actually eliminate sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is more of a societal problem and cannot likely be completely eradicated from the workplace. However, there are a number of things that can be done to reduce the incidence of sexual harassment. Two of the most important of these are education and strict anti-harassment policies.
Sexual harassment education can be an important factor in reducing harassment. It can, first of all, ensure that everyone in the workplace is very clear on what constitutes harassment. It can also raise sensitivity on the part of employees so that they will be less likely to want to harass someone. Therefore, managers can ensure that there will be thorough training on harassment issues for their employees.
But this education must be backed up by strong policies. Managers must also be sure that they strictly enforce policies against harassment. If harassers are let off with warnings or with punishments that are seen as a “slap on the wrist” there will be little to deter people from harassing others. Therefore, managers must also be sure to create and enforce policies against harassment.