What two tactics can an interviewer use to get appropriate information from a respondent to improve the descriptive research/data?
This concerns a respondent provides an inadequate response to a question.
One tactic that an interviewer can use to get an appropriate answer from a respondent (the interviewee) is to ask a series of open-ended questions. These types of questions require a degree of elaboration on the part of the respondent; they cannot be answered with a simple "Yes" or "No" answer. Therefore, open-ended questions help the interviewer learn more details about a respondent's character, experiences, strengths and weaknesses.
An example of a "Yes/No" question is: "Do you believe you were an asset to your previous business organization?. The person can simply say, "Yes, I was." An example of an open-ended question that requires a much more detailed answer is: "What specific tasks did you perform that contributed to you being valued as an asset to your previous business organization?"
A second tactic that an interviewer can use to get a respondent to open up is to ask them what they are most proud of in their previous work experiences. This gets to the essence of what the interviewee believes are his or her strongest and most valuable qualities. Most people like to talk up their achievements, especially when the highlighting of them can garner them a new and hopefully better paying job, with possibilities for significant career advancement.