A literary element is a component of a literary piece. Two significant components in “Neighbors” by Raymond Carver are characterization and setting.
Characterization is important because at first glance the sets of neighbors seem very much alike. Bill and Arlene think of themselves as “happy,” but at the same time they compare themselves with their neighbors Harriet and Jim.
It seemed to the Millers that the Stones lived a fuller and brighter life. (p. 1)
So even though they are happy, they are seemingly not happy enough! The Stones live across the hall, and they go out more. Since Jim is a salesman, he can take trips. He seems to enjoy it, combining business with pleasure. The Millers are envious of the Stones.
Setting is another important component of the story. Because the Millers and Stones are neighbors, the Millers can compare themselves to the Stones. The Stones ask the Millers to water the plants and feed the cat while they are away. This allows Bill to rummage in the Stones’ apartment.
He opened all the cupboards and examined the canned goods, the cereals, the packaged foods, the cocktain and wine glasses, the china, the pots and pans.
He seems obsessed with minor domstic points.
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