Another important theme is that everything is not as it seems, or, to put it another way, the conflict between appearances and reality. This is true on a number of different levels. For instance, Winston himself is ostensibly a loyal citizen of Oceania, indeed his job is crucial to maintaining the Party's line. But underneath this veneer, he chafes at the Party's totalitarian regime, and secretly writes against it in his journal. Similarly, he imagines that O'Brien is a sympathetic figure, and indeed O'Brien gives him that impression. The Party has created a world where little is what it seems and where it creates its own reality, which is different from what thinking people like Winston realize is true. The Party's ability to control reality is reflected in Newspeak, as well as its slogan: WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS SLAVERY. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.
cultural hegemony, ideology, rhetoric
you can also use the following qoute as an evidence:
“You will be hollow. We shall squeeze you empty, and then we shall fill you with ourselves.”
well i think that CHESS is the main theme in 1984.This is clear through the following quote:
“He examined the chess problem and set out the pieces. It was a tricky ending, involving a couple of knights.
'White to play and mate in two moves.'
Winston looked up at the portrait of Big Brother. White always mates, he thought with a sort of cloudy mysticism. Always, without exception, it is so arranged. In no chess problem since the beginning of the world has black ever won. Did it not symbolize the eternal, unvarying triumph of Good over Evil? The huge face gazed back at him, full of calm power. White always mates.”
simply in this quote the white knight is the party and the big brother as the white knight "always mates" so does the party no matter how many thought crimes are committed the party will know about it and reform the guilty and after he or she TRULY loves big brother more that anyone else even him/herself the party will grant hin/her death and they will die LOVING big brother and 100% faithful to him, while the black knight is the thinkers and those who commit thought crime including winston smith of course as they may think that they outwitted the party which is pure imagination which can never be true and they'll all end up exactly like winston as he truly loved big brother after reformation as he changed from a thought criminal into a "good thinker" and accordingly received his death penalty.To sum up, EVERY SINGLE PERSON WILL DIE LOVING Big Brother which means that "White always mates".