Marx, a German who lived from 1818-1845, saw the industrial revolution as a force that reshaped individuals' relationship to the work setting, specifically separating the worker from his ultimate product. It reduced craft to labor by exploiting the worker as a cog, dehumanizing large percentages of humans.
Weber saw people as effected by economic realities, as responding to social position (prestige) but as harbingers of ideas that could affect their own behavior. He specifically felt that moral attributes such as a work ethic and frugality contributed to social movements.
Marx distinguished workers in the industrial revolution from pre-industrial worker (most agricultural) in which the working class had a full relationship to the product (or outcome) of his toil, in which workers had a steady interaction with their environment (as farmers or merchants). In other words, a farmer lived and worked on the same soil, raised animals from birth to maturity, and lived in a natural world where...
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