In George Orwell's 1984, what are the two aims of the Party?

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In George Orwell's 1984 , the objective of the Party is quite simple:  control.  Though the Party seeks to achieve this goal in a number of ways, they are encompassed under two specific methods.  The Party first manipulates the population's ability to express itself.  In the Ministry of Truth, the news of current events...

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In George Orwell's 1984, the objective of the Party is quite simple:  control.  Though the Party seeks to achieve this goal in a number of ways, they are encompassed under two specific methods.  The Party first manipulates the population's ability to express itself.  In the Ministry of Truth, the news of current events is "rectified" so that a certain perspective - the perspective that presents Big Brother in the most appealing light - is the only view expressed.  The population, not knowing anything different, does nothing to question what they hear or read.  The use of Newspeak, the rather abbreviated language of the Party, prevents the people from expressing themselves freely.  With a much smaller vocabulary, the creativity of language is stifled, as is any real ability to form a dissenting opinion against Big Brother.  Not only does the Party control the knowledge the population takes in but also the way in which it can express itself.

The other form of control is a much more physical one.  While Newspeak will eventually silence dissent by the process of eliminating problematic vocabulary, the Ministry of Love provides a much more immediate deterrent to dissent.  Those caught by the Thought Police are taken to the Ministry of Love, where they are "re-educated," or "vaporized."  In the latter case, the Party erases any evidence of a person's existence.  In the first case, something Winston himself experiences, his mind is remolded in the pattern favored by the Party.

In both cases, the Party establishes its one goal - control.  They control the thoughts of the population not only by psychological and epistemological means but also by physical ones.

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The Party is a geo-political machine that has many roles, depending on the ministry.  The Ministry of Truth spreads fear through propoganda.  The Ministry of Peace wages war to enlist patriotism.  The Ministry of Love ferets out and tortures rebels.  The Ministry of Plenty rations materials in the name of equality. 

If one were to limit the aims of the Party down to one aim, it would be to quiet the mind.  One cannot rebel physically if one cannot conceive it first mentally: thoughtcrime.  Quieting the mind can be done two ways: censorship and uber- patriotism. 

Orwell's greatest fears of the extreme left (communist U.S.S.R.) and the extreme right (fascist Nazis) were essentially the same.  They burned books before they waged war.  They quieted the minds within the country before they invaded other countries.  The easiest freedom to limit for both parties was speech.  The easiest way to not only limit a party's existing critics but its future generations of critics is to control a people's language.  Get rid of books and open press; strike entries from the dictionary; replace old words with new, utilitarian ones.

After language has been limited, the mind must be preoccupied for activity for the party in the form of uber-patriotism.  In order to breed weak-minded workers, the Party must run society like a military machine, with slogans and rations and group exercise. 

 

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