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In Plautus' Pot of Gold (Latin: Aulularia), an aged Athenian named Euclio has a pot of gold. In the course of the play, Euclio moves the pot of gold several times because he is afraid that the gold will be stolen. He transfers the pot from his house to the shrine of Faith (Latin: Fides) and from the shrine of Faith to the grove of the woodland divinity Silvanus.
From the grove, the gold is discovered and taken by Strobilus, the slave of a young Athenian gentleman named Lyconides. After Euclio finds that his gold is missing, he accuses Lyconides of the theft. Lyconides, of course, denies the theft. Later, however, Lyconides discovers that his slave Strobilus took Euclio's gold and begins urging Strobilus to give him the gold so that he can return it to Euclio:
"Yes, hand it over, so that it may be handed over to Euclio." (Paul Nixon translation)
Unfortunately, the last part of Plautus' play is lost. We can assume, however, that Lyconides managed to get the gold back and give it Euclio. We also assume that Euclio was so grateful to Lyconides that Euclio agreed to let Lyconides marry his daughter Phaedria, with whom Lyconides was in love and whom Lyconides had previously impregnated.
Our final assumption is that Euclio gave Phaedria the pot of gold as the dowry for her marriage to Lyconides. In Roman society, it was customary for the father of the bride to give his daughter a dowry (e.g., money, property, or other valuable items) when she was married.
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