What trading goods from Asia were Europeans most interested in?

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Spices from Asia, such as pepper and cinnamon, were very important to the Europeans, but other items Europeans coveted included silk and tea from China, as well as Chinese porcelains.

Travel to India, primarily for spices, and to the Far East for other goods, became a major obstacle for the Europeans once the Ottoman Empire had control of both the Mediterranean Sea and the overland routes to the Orient in the fifteenth century. Barbary pirates patrolling the Mediterranean presented dangers, and tolls for overland routes became prohibitively expensive. The sudden lack of profit in the traditional eastern routes led to what is known as the Age of Exploration. European nations began to invest more heavily in exploring the seas in hopes of finding alternative ways to the East. This led to the discovery of a route to India around the tip of Africa and to the discovery of North and South America.

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Although the answer to this could vary depending on the time period that you are asking about, the most likely answer is spices.  Spices were one of the first commodities that Europeans wanted to get from Asia in large quantities.  Spices from Asia were brought to Europe as long ago as Roman times.  The trade continued, carried mostly through Muslim lands and then to the Mediterranean, during the Middle Ages.  It was because of a desire to break the Muslim hold on the spice trade that Portugal started exploring ways to sail around Africa.

Spices were an excellent good to trade in because of the fact that small quantities, weight wise, were worth a great deal of money.

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