What are the top five most famous composed pieces of Mozart?

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edcon eNotes educator| Certified Educator
  1. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Serenade, or A Little Night Music), a 1787 composition for two violins, viola, cello, and double bass. It is one of the most frequently performed classical compositions. The 1984 film Amadeus reinvigorated modern appreciation of this piece.
  2. Requiem is a requiem mass in eight movements. It is famous in part because it was left uncompleted, and many composers have offered completions. It is often performed at Easter.
  3. The Marriage of Figaro is a comic opera in four acts. It was received enthusiastically by audiences in 1786 and continues to be a favorite, thus part of operatic repertoire past and present.
  4. Don Giovanni (Don Juan), an opera in two acts from 1787, is considered one of the most brilliant operas ever written because of the ambiguity of the titular character.
  5. Symphony #40 from 1788 is written in sonata form in G minor. The first movement features one of the best examples of sonata form in all symphonic music.
chasm4 | Student

The five most famous, popular, and frequently performed works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are the operas The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, the Magic Flute (a singspiel, which is like an opera but with spoken dialogue in German), his Requiem (funeral) mass, and a chamber serenade known as Eine Kleine Nachtmusik.

Mozart was a professional performing piano virtuoso, but staging operas constituted a significant portion of his income. His operas, like all of his music, remain a cornerstone of the modern concert repertoire. The Marriage of Figaro was an example of social justice activism calling into question Europe's rigid class hierarchies. In the opera a servant and his fiancée make a fool of their aristocratic employer, which caused a great scandal. Don Giovanni is a retelling of the classic Don Juan fable where an arrogant playboy gets what he has coming in an exciting morality tale. The Requiem mass was left unfinished at the time of Mozart's death, while the charming Eine Kleine Nachtmusik can be considered an example of 18th-century party music.

Sources:

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

Donald Grout and Claude Palisca. A History of Western Music.

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