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Edgar Allan Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher" falls under the genre of Romanticism, specifically within a genre of Romanticism that deals with the darker aspects of human reality: The Gothic period.
This being said, the Gothic genre's main purpose is to instill in the reader the same emotions that the characters in the story are experiencing during trying times and tribulations: Some of these feelings are nostalgia, sadness, isolation, coldness, fate versus inevitability, and overall distress.
From the beginning, we sense that our main character is about to visit a place which has become destroyed and abandoned with time. A place that is isolated, and rampaged by illness and death. This, aside from the cold atmosphere, the suspense, and the wonder of what is really going on, set the nostalgic, scary, and tone of doom in the story.
DURING THE WHOLE of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher.
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