By what title does Major address the other animals? What does his use of this word indicate about his political leanings?

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mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Having heard that the old boar named Major has had a significant dream, the other animals on the farm of Mr. Jones convene for him to address them. He uses the title of Comrade when he first speaks:

"Comrades, you have heard already about the strange dream that I had last night."

It is not far into his address that the political leanings of Major are evinced. They, of course, are those of Karl Marx, as Major is an allegorical character who represents Marx. Like Marx, Major advocates revolution in order to overcome the oppression of Mr. Jones, who represents the ruling class, or bourgeoisie. With Jones gone, the animals, who represent the proletariat, can then attain self-rule and live and work together in harmony. The animals on the farm, working together, will create their own government in which everyone's efforts are valued equally, and they will no longer need anyone to control them. All together, then, they will prosper; as a result of their cooperative working, their work loads will decrease. And, in order to ensure that everyone will be treated equally, Major has composed 7 Commandments of his philosophy called Animalism, the first of which names man as the enemy.