What are three weakness of the first national government and how did the U.S. Constitution address/fix those weaknesses?
There were many weaknesses in the national government under the Articles of Confederation. That is why the national elites felt that it was necessary to write a new constitution. Let us look at three of the most important weaknesses and how they were fixed.
- The national government had no power to coin money, so states made their own. This is a problem because it makes it much harder to do business across state lines. This problem was fixed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, which gives the national government the power to coin money.
- The national government could not regulate commerce between the states. This meant that states could engage in trade wars with one another. This hurt the country because it prevented us from having a big, unified, national economy. This problem was also fixed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. This clause in the Constitution is known as the Commerce Clause, and it gives the Congress the right to regulate trade with foreign countries and between the states.
- The national government did not have a leader. There was no executive branch whatsoever. The Constitution fixed this by creating the office of the president (in Article II).