Thoreau says that men serve the state with their bodies, their minds, and/or with their consciences. In the first category, he includes soldiers, "the militia, jailers, constables, posse comitatus, etc.". These men act as machines, unconcerned with the morality or even the sensibility of their actions, having, Thoreau says, "the same sort of worth only as horses, or dogs." They are only contributing their bodies to the defense or the exercise of state power. Others, like legislators and ministers, use their minds, but are also not guided by morality in their actions. They are driven by what the state has determined is best, as well as their own ambitions. A last group, described as "heroes, patriots, and martyrs," is guided by their conscience, and they are commonly regarded as enemies of the state, because they resist it rather than acquiesce when it is doing wrong. Thoreau clearly wishes to be counted with the third group, and this, in short, is the point of his essay. People should not obey the dictates of the state when they are in conflict with the dictates of their own conscience.