What are three ways Rochester and St. John are foils in Jane Eyre? How does the foil highlight/illuminate the more central character as well as an idea or theme in the novel?

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With the symbolic motif of fire and ice prevailing throughout Charlotte Bronte's narrative of Jane Eyre's struggle for independence in a Victorian society, her conflicts between passion and rationality are reflected in several characters, especially Mr. Edward Fairfax Rochester and St. John Rivers.  An observation in Chapter XXI of Jane's presents the dilemmas of passion and cold reason: 

Feeling without judgement is a washy draught indeed; but judgement untempered by feeling is too bitter and husky a morsel for human deglutition.

Representative of this "feeling without judgement" is Mr. Rochester, while St. John characterizes "judgement untempered by feeling."  Thus, these two male characters act as foils in Bronte's narrative: 

Their personalities

A Gothic hero, Rochester is unconventional, described as having "a dark face, with stern features and a heavy brow" and given to moods and irrational behavior and violent emotion.  In Chapter XIV, he tells Jane "...at this moment, I am...

(The entire section contains 575 words.)

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