What are three symbols in The Devil's Arithmetic by Jane Yolen?

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There are many symbols throughout the novel, The Devil's Arithmetic, especially ones that come from Jewish traditions and folklore. For example, the Jewish people refer to the gas chamber/crematorium as Lilith's Cave, which comes from an old Jewish story about a female demon named Lilith who lures people into her cave when they look at themselves in the mirror. According to Jewish folklore, Lilith was Adam's first wife before Eve who would not be obedient to him. Lilith's Cave therefore represents hell and death for the Jews, as once they go into the gas chambers, they're never coming back. Another example is how the Nazis in command are referred to as Angels of Death or Dark Angels, because they would come for the "Chosen" or the Jews they had chosen to kill in the gas chambers that day.

However, in my opinion, the most poignant symbols are the sparrows that Hannah sees singing, flying, and diving for insects in the trees around the concentration camp. They are particularly powerful...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 679 words.)

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