What are three supernatural elements in "The Devil and Tom Walker" by Washington Irving?

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First, a sense of the supernatural infests the ominous swamp that Tom Walker is not afraid to cross (though others are) on the way home. He behaves as if he is oblivious to its dangers, and seemingly ignores supernatural associations with the swamp that others repeat and take for truth:

...stories handed down from the times of the Indian wars, when it was asserted that the savages held incantations here and made sacrifices to the Evil Spirit.

The treacherous nature of the swamp might have reminded some readers of Jonathan Edwards' sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." Edwards also describes a treacherous landscape that the foolish hop about on with no realization of how close they are to eternal hellfire.

Not surprisingly, it is in this unsettling place that Tom meets the devil himself. The devil comes disguised as a man, but he has "a pair of great red eyes." Further, he associates himself with the Indians who made sacrifices to the Evil Spirit, stating:

I am he to whom the red men...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 1098 words.)

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on February 26, 2020
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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on February 18, 2020
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