What are the three management activities in business?
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Management activities of functions are classified by experts in many different way. It is difficult to make out from the question which particular scheme of classifying management activity needs to be covered in the answer. I am giving below one of the most popular way of classifying management functions. As per this schemes the the total work of management is grouped in following four functions.
- Planning (also called decision making)
- Organising (including staffing)
- Motivating (and leading)
Planning includes the job of determining what objectives to be achieve, how these objectives are to be achieve, and the specific action to be taken including details such as time and resource allocation for the actions to be taken.
Organization refer to the function of designing and establishing a structure of people and relationships between them to carry out the work as determined by planning function. It includes all the action necessary to fill or staff the position in the organization and keeping them filled with people with requires knowledge, skills and capabilities.
People in the organization work more or less effectively depending upon their motivation. The function of motivation and leadership is concerned with motivating individuals and groups to work towards fulfilment of planned objective in their roles as defined by organization structure.
It would be wonderful if all the people in an organization worked as planned and the results obtained are exactly as anticipated. Unfortunately, there are may uncertainties in the environment as well as human behavior that cause actual work and results to differ from the planned and expected to different degrees. Such deviation between plan and actual can also result from errors in decision making, ands some such errors are unavoidable. To ensure effective achievement of objectives in spite of these deviations it is necessary to monitor the actual work and performance against the pals and take mid course corrective action when so warranted. This is the management function of controlling.
First of all, management may perform some activities specific to a certain business, but it is obvious that each bussines, in order to expand, needs 3 basic activities as:planning, organization and control.
The planning activity, is that one which management is responsible for. It is known that a bussiness aims objectives, goals, and the role of management is to identify these goals, to set them and to propose the plan in order to fulfil them.
The organizing activity is the following, after the planning one, establishing an internal structure into an organization, structure whose components having set their role.
One of the most important activities is the control one.The bussines has established it's purposes, but equally has to have some standards of performance, in order to measure the degree of fulfilment of the set goals. If the degree of fulfilment is not the one expected, the role of management is to undertake actions in order to rectify the mistakes occured.
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