What are three major points in the two treatises of government by John Locke ?

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Introduction

John Locke wrote the two treatises of government to criticize the British monarch at the time. It was led by Charles II, who according to Locke was misusing authority. With this publication, Lock hoped to open people's minds to a new form of governance.

Three Major Points

According to this book, the only successful form of governance is whereby people form a government via a social contract in order to protect their natural right to property, liberty, and life.

1. Natural Right to Property: Found in essay 2, chapter V, Locke describes the earth as belonging to everyone. The earth is part of human property. Locke clearly states that if a person earns from offering his or her labor, that person has a right to acquire property with that money.

2. Natural Right to Liberty: Locke abhors slavery and the subjugation of one human being by another. He believes that everyone has a right to be free. He also talks about the equality of men and living without any form of hierarchy.

3. Natural Right to Life: Since human beings are born in a state of nature, they can make logical decisions without being commanded to do so by an external superior.

Conclusion

The Two Treatises of Government was created to support democracy and do away with dictatorial monarchs.

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John Locke's Two Treatises of Government highlight the importance of Government by the Consent of the People, Natural Rights of Man, and the right to abolish a government that becomes tyrannical.

Locke asserts that Man has the right to life, liberty, and property.

He contends that these are Natural Rights that should not be violated by any individual or government.

However individuals can relinquish some of their rights to the government in order to maintain peace and order.

Majority Rule is to be respected so long as it doesn't violate individual rights.

Locke felt that government's primary duty was to ensure that the natural rights of individuals is maintained with the legislative body of government limited to creating laws that do not violate these rights.

The Executive Branch is limited to executing these laws.

Locke concludes that if a government became too powerful and did not protect the right of the people, then the people had the right to dispose of this government, also known as the Right of Revolution.

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