John Locke wrote the two treatises of government to criticize the British monarch at the time. It was led by Charles II, who according to Locke was misusing authority. With this publication, Lock hoped to open people's minds to a new form of governance.
Three Major Points
According to this book, the only successful form of governance is whereby people form a government via a social contract in order to protect their natural right to property, liberty, and life.
1. Natural Right to Property: Found in essay 2, chapter V, Locke describes the earth as belonging to everyone. The earth is part of human property. Locke clearly states that if a person earns from offering his or her labor, that person has a right to acquire property with that money.
2. Natural Right to Liberty: Locke abhors slavery and the subjugation of one human being by another. He believes that everyone has a right to be free. He also talks about the equality of men and living without any form of hierarchy.
3. Natural Right to Life: Since human beings are born in a state of nature, they can make logical decisions without being commanded to do so by an external superior.
The Two Treatises of Government was created to support democracy and do away with dictatorial monarchs.