The Reconstruction era of American history failed to place the southern governments and the U. S. Representatives and Senatorsfrom the South, permanently uder the hedgemony of the Republican party.
Right off of the top of my head, I can't think of any other goal that Reconstruction intended to accomplish, so only one goal, only one failure.
Well, yes I can. The War Between the States and Reconstruction were intended to destroy the plantation hegemonic social system of the South and place the South securely within the industrial hegemonic social system of the North. Success was had in this, even though the Republican party did not getpermanent control of the reigns of power. That is to say, the Democratic party evolved into more of a creature of industrialism, as the Republican party had been from the time of its creation, and, ever since, the two parties have shared power.
After the War, Freedmen were allowed to own land and black soldiers returning from the northern army, who had saved their pay for the purpose, bought farms. Other blacks also saved money and bought farms. Many farmers, though, (most black farmers and many white farmers), were tenants on former plantations.
The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments to the Constitution did effect a big revolution in U. S. government, but theydid not accomplishall of the purposes for which they had been intended