What three classes of people have always existed?
In the first chapter of Emmanuel Goldstein's book The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, Winston Smith reads that the world has been divided into three classes since the beginning of time. The three classes of people are the High, the Middle, and the Low.
The High class consists of the privileged, ruling members, while the Middle class is made up of citizens who work for the upper-class members of society. The Low consists of poverty-stricken individuals at the bottom class of society focused on surviving.
Winston Smith proceeds to read that throughout recorded time, these three classes have always existed despite enormous upheavals and seemingly irrevocable political changes. Winston also reads that the aims of each of the classes are completely irreconcilable. The Middle typically enlists the help of the Low to overthrow the High and eventually become the High. This cyclical process continually repeats itself throughout recorded history as the Middle continually overthrows the High, only to oppress the Low and new Middle. Through collectivism, the Party successfully consolidates power and is able to oppress the Low for eternity.
check Approved by eNotes Editorial